that all Jews in the eastern conquered territories were to be regarded as partisans and gave the order for all male Jews between the ages of 15 and 45 to be shot. Third Reich drittes Reich meaning "Third Realm" or "Third Empire the first two being the. Poland fell quickly, as the Soviet Union attacked from the east on 17 September. As head of state, Hitler became Supreme Commander of the armed forces. Waltham, Mass: University Press of New England. Eventually the Nazis declared the Jews as undesirable to remain among German citizens and society. Radio became popular in Germany during the 1930s; over 70 percent of households owned a receiver by 1939, more than any other country. While the murder of Jewish civilians had been ongoing in the occupied territories of Poland and the Soviet Union, plans for the total eradication of the Jewish population of Europeeleven million peoplewere formalised at the Wannsee Conference on Some would be worked to death and. The reaction among Germans was one of surprise and trepidation as many were concerned about how much longer the war would continue or suspected that Germany could not win a war fought on two fronts. Government See also: Government of Nazi Germany Hitler, Göring, Goebbels and Rudolf Hess during a military parade in 1933 Hitler ruled Germany autocratically by asserting the Führerprinzip leader principle which called for absolute obedience of all subordinates. Large-scale aerial bombing of Germany escalated in 1944 and the Axis powers were driven back in Eastern and Southern Europe. Mistreatment of Soviet POWs Further information: German mistreatment of Soviet prisoners of war The Nazis captured.75 million Soviet prisoners of war, more than they took from all the other Allied powers combined. A Concise History of Nazi Germany. Pastor Martin Niemöller responded with the formation of the Confessing Church, from which some clergymen opposed the Nazi regime. The government controlled artistic expression, promoting specific art forms and banning or discouraging others. New York: Peter Lang. Göring, having stripped almost all of occupied Poland of its artworks within six months of Germany's invasion, ultimately grew a collection valued at over 50 million Reichsmarks. The law also permitted the Nazis to deny citizenship to anyone who was not supportive enough of the regime.